10 FAMOUS IDIOMS
What are idioms?
Definition : An idiom is a phrase, saying or group of words that is very different in meaning from its literal meaning. The use of idioms is considered much effective at the time of writing or speaking English or any other language.
Example : He was beaten black and blue.
The meaning of the idiom in above example is that he was beaten mercilessly.
If a person uses idioms in his or her language then he or she looks very impressive so we cannot deny the importance of idioms in our language.
Some Important Idioms
1. Hobson’s choice – No alternative
Meaning : First we have to understand the meaning of Hobson. Hobson was originated from Hob who was the son of a person, called Robert, represents Anglo – Saxons. (Anglo – Saxons was a sociable group in England. This group comprises two races of mankind culturally, Germanic people with Britain’s inhabitants)
A Hobson’s choice is that choice in which there is no alternative & only one thing is offered. In other words, we can say that there is one option which is ‘accept it’ or ‘leave it’.
Use : Now a days, getting a job is a Hobson’s choice after many failures.
2. Hit the nail on the head – To do the right thing at the right time.
Meaning : It means that the right work should be done at the right time or to say something that is exactly right.
Use : The teacher hit the nail on the head when he said that this is the weakness of this student.
3. Hard and fast – Strict, Mandatory for all
Meaning : This idiom is used about the rules that cannot be changed. Every concerning person must follow the rules whether he is comfortable or not with these rules. In other words, we can say that there is no choice except following the rules.
Use : The CEO of this company has hard and fast rules for all employees. He says that the success of any company lies in the rules, have been set up for the betterment of the company.
4. Heart and soul – Devotedly
Meaning : The use of this idiom is to involve into an action with a lot of energy and enthusiasm. There should not be any excuse, only devotion & full dedication is required.
Use : Every competitive student must study with heart and soul as now a days,competition is not an easy task.
5. Have feet of clay – Full of faults
Meaning :This idiom refers a weakness in a person’s character.There is a thinking that this expression comes from the Bible when the prophet interprets the dream of a statue.
Use: A pessimist (A negative person) always looks for other person’s feet of clay.
6. Hanky Panky – Jugglery
Meaning : If we want to play some tricks with other person then the created situation is hanky – panky. Its other meaning is jugglery also.
Use: Smith is found in hanky – panky situation among his friends in a party.
7. Halcyon days – Peaceful days
Meaning : First if we think of Halcyon word then this is a girl’s name in Greek. The adjective of this word Halcyon is Halcyonic and its meaning is Calm, Peaceful and Tranquil.
The meaning of Halcyon days is a peaceful span in which there is no any kind of disturbance. This span is considered a fortnight (Fifteen days).
Use : During lock down, my city reminded me the halcyon days of my childhood.
8. Herculean task – Very difficult
Meaning : The meaning of Herculean task is a task that is not easy for anyone. It’s not a child’s play. This task can be very typical & difficult.
Use : Spending the time with mathematics as a subject is a herculean task for me.
9. Hold one’s tongue – To keep quiet
Meaning : The meaning of this idiom is not to use many words. In other words, no need of redundancy. One has to keep quiet in this situation.
Use : Either you hold your’s tongue or you get out from here.
10. Have the gift of the gab – Art of speaking
Meaning : The meaning of the gab is to speak with fluency or with thoughtless manner. If a person speaks well than we can say that he has the gift of the gab.
Use : A society comprises many persons that have the gift of the gab.
(1) How can we use idioms in our language?
Suggestion: First of all, all important idioms must be studied with their meanings. After this, one can use them easily.
(2) What is the importance of using idioms in our language?
Suggestion: If we use idioms in our language then we are looked very impressive in opinion of others.
(3) Are 100 idioms sufficient to crack the competitive examination?
Suggestion: According to us, there is no fix quantity for any competitive examination. But if you choose these 100 idioms then these idioms must be very important.
(4) Is there any short trick to learn the idioms?
Suggestion: Yes, We have such tricks and a student can learn thousands of idioms without any confusion. But for this, basic knowledge of words should be over there.
(5) How many marks are associated to idioms in competitive examination?
Suggestion: Actually, this depends on the pattern of competitive examination. But If a student wants to be perfect in English language then he or she must study beyond the pattern of competition.
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